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Kubba begins by highlighting that Arab countries have shared certain aspects that define their political differences. Over the years, authoritarian governments have governed the Arab countries. None of those governments has given attention to the political liberalization of respected civil and human rights. It is unfortunate that the few Arab countries who vote leaders through a democratic system do not enjoy the fruits of democracy. Many of the authoritarian leaders have often used other strategies in an effort to stay in power. One of the intriguing arguments presented by Kubba is the fact that the dictatorships and authoritarian governments reigning in the Arab countries have registered increased access to public services. Notably, this is true, but an unexpected phenomenon in authoritarian governments. It is true that many of the Arab governments have recognized the salient need for altering the political environment without triggering an internal crisis (Kubba 2000, p. 85). It is strange that dictatorial governments in the Arab world offer people the hope for security, stability, as well as continuity. In other parts of the world, people base such hopes for democracy.