Islamists see a need for re-interpretation of the Quran and successfully apply them to the modern world as it pertains to political state governance. Utvik (1993) reinforces that Islamists rebuff modernism due to its tendency toward secularism where there is a powerful belief in reason and science with much less emphasis on serving the values of the divine. The ideological foundation for rejecting Westernism, materialism, and capitalism can be witnessed with the inception of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, an Islamist organization that has gained popularity and support throughout the Middle East for blending political activism with Islamist-based generosity and philanthropy.