In presenting its opinion, the district court observed that the direction related to alibi was inconsistent the president set in Mullaney v. Wilbur case because it did not require for defendant to do anything, such as assuming proof of burden. During the proceeding, it was held that Maryland had directly considered that alibi in itself was not an assenting defense in State v. Grady, 276 Md. 178, 345 A.2d 436 (1975). The final issue was not presented before a jury, however, and the attorney noted that they only took into it consideration to show that Maryland offered effect to Mullaney. The district court established that manslaughter instruction on its facial view did not conform with the values articulated in Mullaney v. Wilbur precedent case, but it affirmed that, as presented in State v. Evans, 278 Md. 197, 362 A.2d 629 (1976), the issuing of the instruction was a risk-free mistake because there was no proof to support an instruction as to manslaughter in any circumstance, apart from that of murder (Hengel, 234). However, in every case where the attendance of the defendant at the commission of the transgression is necessary to his conviction, the state has to establish such a fact beyond any reasonable doubt. The jury ought not to assume that an accused person is responsible just because he is being impeached and that criminal allegations have been preferred against him (Hengel, 240). The district judge established that the decedent and the accused could as well have renewed their earlier squabble, which occurred the very evening of the shooting in question. Moreover, the judge observed that the quarrel occurred in a dance hall where there was a huge crowd of people who might be used as witnesses.