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Kant further argues that rational agents should never treat their fellow beings as a means to an end but should rather consider actions towards them as an end by itself. This argument is brought about by the aspect of morality that calls for beings to base their actions on reasons (Lake, 2000, 54). Treating other beings as an end in itself requires that the reason behind a certain action is out of moral duty. Moral duty can be explained as doing certain actions because it is the right thing to do. Therefore, treating fellow beings as an end in itself requires that one does certain actions simply because it is what is required of them to do (McCord, 2003, 55).