In the contemporary period, however, there has been a remarkable transition in the manner juvenile crime is perceived by policymakers and the larger society, one that has resulted in prevalent reforms in policies and traditions regarding the handling of juvenile criminals. Apart from preferring to construct wrongdoing committed by young people as antisocial, society growingly is rethinking to reconstruct them as grown-ups and reassign them to the adult court and criminal justice system. There is advocacy for and against the death penalty for juveniles. Traditionalists also assume that juveniles who commit brutal crimes deserve to be killed. Several adversaries believe that the death penalty for young offenders is improper for a sophisticated society such as the United States. Furthermore, several who are against the death penalty assume that rehabilitation should be the emphasis since the juvenile offenders are still immature and still within the determining years of their lives (Steinberg, 2001, 35).