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&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Today’s scholars and students of philosophy have an opportunity to dissect and discuss many written works of different thinkers in man’s history. Although scientific and technological discoveries have revolutionized man, there are still essential principles of knowledge and thinking anchored in the recorded works of great philosophers such as Plato and Descartes (Hackforth 24). The earliest thoughts on the issue of mind and body emanate from the philosophy of a great thinker of his time, Plato. Plato, just as Descartes, believed that the mind was the same as the soul. Unlike Descartes, Plato believed that the soul pre-existed and survived the body. it went through a process of transmigration. In the works done by Plato (Apology) and Descartes (Meditations), the two philosophers point out that human beings comprise a mind or soul that is in some way linked to the body. Even though the two scholars argue that the mind or soul can survive separately from the body, Plato’s “soul-body argument” and Descartes’ “mind-body argument” appears to be dissimilar.