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Whilst McWhinney believes that the definition of leadership should be limited to the style (approach) and skill that are used by a person or group to guide an effort. Johnson and Scholes (1993) argue that leadership is ‘the process of influencing an organisation (or group within an organisation) in its efforts towards achieving an aim or goal. They argue that a leader is not someone who is at the top position but rather someone who can influence. The definition given by Johnson and Scholes is contradicting to some extent in that how can one be influential without being at the top position or lead role?